रााज्यं पालयितुं शक्यं न तीक्ष्णेन नशाचर । न चापि प्रतिकूलेन नाऽविनीतेन राक्षस ॥

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामायणे अरण्यकाण्डे एकचत्वाारिंशस्सर्गः (११ श्लोक) “A king who is cruel, whose subjects are against him, and who, loosing control over his indriyas, performs adharmic activities cannot rule his kingdom”, said Marrecha to Ravana and accordingly requested him not to perform the maha-paapa of abducting mother Sita. Advertisements

राजमूलो हि धर्मश्च जयश्च जयतां वर । तस्मात् सर्वास्ववस्थासु रक्षितव्या नराधिपाः ॥

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामयणे अरण्यकाण्डे एकचत्वारिंशस्सर्गः (१०व श्लोकमु) Preaching good to the wicked Ravana, Maareecha spoke these words dripping with nectar: “O Ravana! A King’s Dharma is foundational for the conduct and quality of life of his subjects. Hence, even severely adversarial circumstances too, the King should always strive to uphold his Dharma”.

पञ्च रूपाणि राजानो धारयन्त्यमितौजसः । अग्नेरिन्द्रस्य सोमस्य वरुणस्य यमस्य च॥ औष्ण्यं तथा विक्रमं च सौम्यं दण्डं प्रसन्नताम् ।

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामायणे अरण्यकाण्डे चत्वारिंशस्सर्गः (१२,१३ श्लोक) Highlighting the need to respect a King, Ravana says this to Maareecha: “A king of the finest quality will have 5 Divya-gunams: while commanding, he is as sharp/intense as Agni. In war, he will be as victorious as Indra. For the righteous, he will be as pleasureful as the…

बहवः साधवो लोके युक्ता धर्ममनुष्ठिताः । परेषामपराधेन विनष्टाः सपरिच्छदाः ॥

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामायणे अरण्यकाण्डे एकोनचत्वारिंशस्सर्गः (२०व श्लोकमु) Firmly denying to help Ravana in the cruel act of abducting SitaDevi, Maarrecha tells this memorable shloka: “There are popular stories of  numerous number of great, dharmic people who had to loose their everything, and experience great sorrows, just because of the sins committed by their adharmic acquaintances”. In…

परदाराभिमर्शात् तु नाऽन्यत् पापतरं महत् ।

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामायणे अरण्यकाण्दे अष्टत्रिंशस्सर्गः (३० श्लोक) Maareecha warned Ravana “Want for woman is the greatest sin; Be satisfied with your wife”. Hence in Indian culture, beauty in women is admired and respected as a divya-Vibhuti of the mother of all worlds, Lalita-tripura-sundari.

रामो विग्रहवान् धर्मः साधुः सत्यपराक्रमः । राजा सर्वस्यलोकस्य देवानां मघवानिव ॥

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामायणे अरण्यकाण्डे सप्तत्रिंशस्सर्गः (१३ श्लोक) This beautiful shloka by Maareecha gives a one shloka definition for ShriRaama: “Raama is the embodiment of Dharma. He is a perfect sadhu who does hitam to every creature. His strength/effort/valour never go in vein. Like how Indra is the king of the Gods, Raama is the King of…

सुलभाः पुरुषा रजन्! सततं प्रियवादिनः । अप्रियस्य तु पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः ॥

— श्रीमद्वाल्मीकिरामयणे अरण्यकाण्डे सप्तत्रिंशस्सर्गः (२ श्लोक) Mareecha spoke this memorable shloka to Ravana, while requesting him to pay attention to his dharmic teachings “O Ravana! Majority will only speak things that his master likes. Rarely will there be someone who preaches dharma, which may not be to the likes of his master. Even if there…